Who was the Prophet that Moses spoke
Below is what God said to Moses about a coming prophet who would be like him. 1
"And the LORD said to me, 'They have spoken well. I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command him.
'And it shall come about that whoever will not listen to My words which he shall speak in My name, I Myself will require it of him.'" Deut. 18:17-19
One thing we note from this passage is that this future prophet would be from one of the twelve tribes of Israel: or from their own "countrymen" or "brethren" as the King James Bible states. In other words he would not be a foreigner. This rules out Abraham's other descendants such as Ishmael, Sheba, and Dedan. This is made clear from a preceding passage with regard to Israel's future kings, who would also come from their own "countrymen" (Deut. 17:15). And, in this regard, as far as we know, Israel's kings did, in fact, come from one of the twelve tribes. This was especially true of Saul, David, and Solomon. Most of the others were sons of their fathers.
This, in and of itself, rules out Muhammad, Joseph Smith, Hare Krishna, and many others who claimed to be "the prophet," Moses spoke of who would come after him, or who claimed to be the Messiah, or who founded new belief systems about God and how to know and be known by Him -- other than the church that Jesus, Himself, established and said would prevail against all evil forces and lies: Matt. 16:16-20; 2 Cor. 10:4-5; Dan. 7:13-14; Rev. 22:12-21.
But let's consider something Jesus said in regard to whether or not He claimed to be that "prophet."
"If you believed Moses, you would believe Me, for He wrote of Me." John 5:46
So if Moses did, in fact, write about Jesus, then what did he say? That is an answer to which some might disagree, but it is also a fact that no other prophet from the Old Testament had made such a claim: i.e. that Moses wrote about Him. This in itself tells us that Jesus claimed to be "the prophet" to whom we must all pay attention to.
But lets also consider a few other things that He said in regard to who is was. For example, what He saide to the woman at the well when she brought up the Messiah. His answer was straightforward: "I who speak to you am He." (John 4:26) ... the One who "takes away the sins of the world." John 1:29. The One who said that "Unless you believe that I Am (He), you will die in your sins." John 8:24
Jesus also warned His followers that many would come after Him and mislead many and also make the claim to be Messiah, or Christ.
"See to it that no one misleads you. For many will come in My name, saying, 'I am the Christ, and will mislead many.' ... "And many false prophets will arise, and will mislead many."
Matthew 24:4-5, 11
Hebrews 1:1-10 makes it quite clear that Jesus was and is the Son of God, and the Co-Creator with God and by whom both the heavens and the earth came into being. This is also confirmed in Colossians 1:15-18 and John 1:1-3, 14.
The writer of Hebrews makes this even more clear in chapter three, where we are told that:
"Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our confession. He was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was in all His house. For He has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses, by just so much as the builder of the house has more honor than the house. For every house is built by someone, but the builder of all things is God.
Now Moses was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken later; but Christ was faithful as a Son over His house whose house we are, if we hold fast our confidence and the boast of our hope firm until the end." Hebrews 3:1-6
In 2 Cor. 11:26, the apostle Paul used the word "countrymen," in contrast to "Gentiles." The context is clear that he was referring to "the Jews," who were trying to imprison, or kill him. For example, see Acts 9:23; 13:45, 50, 14:5; 17:5, 13; 18:12; 20:3, 19; 21:27; 23:10-12; 25:3.
Another clue about who the coming prophet was that would be like Moses, came from Jacob himself, the father of the twelve tribes when he prophesied about his son Judah in his old age.
"The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until Shiloh comes, and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples. He ties his foal to the vine, and his donkey's colt to the choice vine. He washes his garments in wine, and his robes in the blood of grapes." Gen. 49:10-11
The word 'Shiloh' is a reference to "the peacable one," or "the one who brings peace," and is a reference to the coming Messiah. We say this because of the word "scepter," speaks of kingship and rule. Therefore this future prophet and ruler would come from the tribe of Judah. Again this rules out foreigners: and those from any tribe other than Judah. Jesus would not be ruled out since both his mother (Mary) and step-father (Joseph) were descendants of Judah (2), and since One of His titles is the Prince of Peace. 3
We are futher told that He would come from the root of Jesse and the Tribe of David: 2 Sam. 7:12; Ps. 89:3; Acts 2:22-36. David also told us that this man's body would not see decay (Ps. 16:11), because God would raise Him from the Dead. See also Isa. 53:10
The New Testament writers made it quite plain that Jesus Christ was the prophet whom Moses spoke of.
For example, when John the Baptist saw that Jesus was not trying to bring in the God's Kingdom on earth at that time, he sent disciples to Jesus to ask Him if he was "the Expected One" or should we look for someone else: Matt. 11:3-6. And Jesus answered as follows:
"Go and report to John what you hear and see: the blind receive sight ... the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed ... the deaf hear, ... the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them. And blessed is he who keeps from stumbling over Me." Matt. 11:4-6
Jesus was here telling John, and all those listening, that He was in fact, "the Expected One" or the prophet who Moses spoke of, who was to come.
This was also made clear when Moses and Elijah appeared to Jesus on the mountaintop, just before He allowed Himself to be handed over to men to be mistreated and killed for our sake: Luke 9:28-35. Also of prime significance that just after this occurred a cloud appeared and surrounded them all and God spoke audibly to all those present: including Peter, James, and John (the apostle), and said:
"This is My Son, My Chosen One, listen to Him." Luke 9:35
In other words, God, Himself, made it quite clear that Jesus was the "Expected One" who was to come, and confirmed it not only with His own voice, but by resurrecting Moses from the dead and having him appear to Jesus and his closest disciples.
In various other places, Jesus affirmed that He was the Messiah or Christ (Matt. 16:13-17) and the Son of God (Luke 22:70), to whom was given all judgment of mankind, and before whom all men would one day appear to give an account of their lives. For example, see John 3:14-15, 36, 5:22-24, John 8:24; 12:26, 32; 14:1, 6; Acts 3:17-26; 4:10-12.
Related Scriptures are: Ps. 2:1-12; 110:1-7; Prov. 30:4; Isa. 11:1, 10; 32:17-18; 40:1-2; 49:1-18; 50:4-11; 52:13-53:12; ; 61:7; Dan. 9:23-27; Amos 9:13-15; Mic. 4:2-4; Joel 2:28-29; Rom. 15:12; Eph. 2:14; John 17:3;
1. Numbers 12:4-8
2. In this regard, Joseph's lineage is given to us in Matthew (1:1-17), while Mary's is in Luke (3:23-38).
This explains why the lineages of Jesus are different from David to Christ in these two passages and
resulted from the fact that Jesus did not have a human father.
3. Isaiah 9:6; John 14:1, 6, 27; 12:32; Eph. 2:14
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